Jargon busting: an Eco Island glossary

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Association of Chief Police Officers – police bodies which provide a professional corporate view on policing in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (ACPO) and Scotland (ACPOS). Membership includes Chief Constables, Deputy Chief Constables and Assistant Chief Constables or their equivalent in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Acquisitive crime

Covers all crime where items are stolen. This includes: burglary and attempted burglary in a dwelling or non-connected garage/outhouse; theft in a dwelling or from outside a dwelling (or meter); theft and attempted theft of and from vehicles; and theft of pedal cycles.


Allied Health Professionals:

Umbrella term for Arts Therapists, Chiropodists, Dieticians, Occupational Therapists, Orthoptists, Paramedics, Physiotherapists, Prosthetists and Orthotists, Psychologists, Psychotherapists, Radiographers, Speech and Language Therapists.


Assessments of Policing and Community Safety.

APACS is to be introduced in April 2008 and the first assessments will be published in 2009, reporting on financial year 2008-09

Area Based Grant

A number of specific grants that in the past have been spent only on specific services have been redefined. Some Grants have been put into the general Revenue Support Grant received by Councils, others have been put into a new Area Based Grant. This funding can be spent more flexibly across an area, allowing it, through its Local Strategic Partnership to make local decisions about how to spend this funding. This is not new funding.



Deliberately setting fire to property, including buildings and vehicles.If a vehicle is stolen and later found deliberately burnt out by the same offender, one crime of theft of a vehicle is recorded by the police. However, if there is evidence that someone unconnected with the theft committed the arson, the police record an offence of arson in addition to the theft.


Anti-Social Behaviour Order.

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British Crime Survey. The BCS is a victimisation survey in which adults living in private households are asked about their experiences of crime. It includes property crimes such as vehicle-related thefts and burglary, and personal crimes such as assaults. For the crime types it covers, the BCS can provide a better reflection of the true extent of household and personal crime because it includes crimes that are not reported to the police and crimes which are not recorded by them. The BCS does not aim to provide a total count of crime, but to provide robust trends in crime over time. The BCS is a better indicator of crime trends because it is unaffected by changes

in levels of reporting to the police, and in police recording practices. The methodology of the BCS has remained the same since the survey began in 1981 – therefore it is the best guide to long-term trends.


BCS comparator crimes

Also known as a comparable subset of crimes – a set of offences that are covered by both the British Crime Survey (BCS) and police recorded crime. Various adjustments are made to the recorded crime categories to maximise comparability with the BCS. Comparable crime is used to compare trends in police and BCS figures. Seventy-nine per cent of BCS offences reported via interviews in the 2006/07 interview sample fall into categories that can be compared with crimes recorded by the police.



Basic Command Unit – a geographical area within a police force (ie, Metropolitan Police) also known as Area, Division or Operational Command Unit.


Black and minority ethnic groups

Respondents are asked to make a choice from a card to identify their ethnic background using the standard 2001 Census classification. Due to small sample sizes, it is necessary to collapse this classification into either a five-fold classification, i.e. White, Black, Asian, Mixed and Chinese or Other or to a simpler two-fold White and Non-White classification, based on the Government Statistical Service’s harmonised classification. Adopting the 2001 Census definition, however, means analysis by ethnic group since 2001/02 is not directly comparable with results from earlier rounds of the British Crime Survey which used a different classification.



An offence of burglary is recorded by the police when a person enters any building as a trespasser, with intent to commit an offence of theft, rape, grievous bodily harm or unlawful damage. Burglary does not necessarily involve forced entry; it might be through an open window, or by entering the property under false pretences, such as impersonating an official.

Domestic burglary is burglary of a house, flat or any connected outhouse or garage. Common areas, such as hallways and detached garages and sheds, are not included. Figures for burglaries occurring in domestic properties, and those occurring in commercial or other properties, are recorded separately.

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CADDIE is an acronym for Crime And Disorder Data Information Exchange. Hampshire CADDIE is a website that has been built by Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships across Hampshire and Isle of Wight. CADDIE can help you see what is happening in your local area and how, together, we are working to reduce crime, tackle the fear of crime and promote quality of life issues around Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. You can access CADDIE on: http://www.hantsiowcaddie.gov.uk/

Capacity Building:

A wide range of support, techniques and initiatives which aim to build the working capacity and potential of individuals or community organizations.


Capital Funding:

Money spent on the purchase or improvement of fixed assets such as buildings, roads and equipment.


Care Management:

The process by which the IW Council’s care managers in collaboration with health care professionals and other agencies carries out an assessment of care needs with users and carers and designs a “care package” to meet assessed needs. It also includes making arrangements for the implementation of the care package, reviewing the outcomes of care and revising the services as necessary to meet changes in the needs of an individual client.


Care Pathway:

An agreed and consistent clinical management programme which is followed for all patients presenting a similar pattern of disease, such as in stroke recovery.


An offence is deemed to be detected if an offender has been cautioned by the

police or given a reprimand or warning under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. A caution

may be given by, or on the instructions of, a senior police officer when an offender admits guilt, where there is sufficient evidence for a realistic prospect of conviction, where the offender consents, or where it does not seem in the public interest to instigate criminal proceedings. New guidance on administering cautions was published in June 2005 (see Home Office Circular 30/2005)



Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership


Community Intelligence

Local information which, when assessed, provides intelligence on issues that affect

neighbourhoods and informs both strategic and operational perspectives in the policing of local communities. Information may be direct or indirect and come from a diverse range of sources including the community and partner agencies.


Community Safety

The term ‘community safety’ is now widely used by academics, police officers, politicians, local authority workers and others involved in localized action against crime. It is often invoked as a generic, all-encompassing phrase for ‘crime prevention’ or ‘crime reduction’.

The community safety is about developing sustainable communities where crime and the fear of crime are reduced; where early action is taken on an inter-agency basis to prevent and resolve behaviour or situations which put individuals and communities at risk.

Continuing Care:

Services offering long term care provided in hospitals, nursing and residential homes or in the community.



Control Strategy

Sets out and communicates the current strategic operational priorities for the force or area



Crown Prosecution Service



Childrens Trust:

Children's trusts bring together all services for children and young people in an area, underpinned by the Children Act 2004 duty to cooperate, to focus on improving outcomes for all children and young people. The Isle of Wight Childrens Trust is an ISP Partnership Board which has responsibility for delivering those parts of Eco Island that affect children and young people.


CLG: Communities and Local Government

Communities and Local Government is a Department of State that sets UK policy on local government, housing, urban regeneration, planning and fire and rescue. It has responsibility for all race equality and community cohesion related issues in England and for building regulations, fire safety and some housing issues in England and Wales.



Term used to signify multiple illnesses.



Commissioning includes the whole cycle of planning from assessing needs, designing services and securing and funding delivery.


Community Fund:

The operating name of the National Lottery Charities Board, the independent organisation set up by Parliament in 1994 to distribute money raised by the National Lottery to support charities and voluntary and community groups throughout the UK and to UK agencies working abroad. http://www.community-fund.org.uk/


Community Safety Strategic Assessment

A community safety strategic assessment presents and interprets the summary findings of an intelligence analysis. The statutory framework requires crime and disorder reduction partnerships (CDRPs) to include the following components in the strategic assessment:

  • analysis of the levels and patterns of crime, disorder and substance misuse;
  • changes in the levels and patterns of crime, disorder and substance misuse since the last strategic assessment;
  • analysis of why these changes have occurred; and
  • assessment of the extent to which last year’s plan was implemented.


The purpose of the strategic assessment is to provide knowledge and understanding of community safety problems that will inform and enable the partners to:

  • understand the patterns, trends and shifts relating to crime and disorder and substance misuse;
  • set clear and robust priorities for their partnership;
  • develop activity that is driven by reliable intelligence and meets the needs of the local community;
  • deploy resources effectively and present value for money; and
  • undertake annual reviews and plan activity based on a clear understanding of the issues and priorities.


The strategic assessment should be undertaken on annual basis and reviewed every six month.


Criminal Records Bureau


Criminal Damage

This offence is recorded when anyone who, without lawful excuse, destroys or damages any property belonging to another, or intends to destroy or damage that property, or is reckless as to whether that property would be destroyed or damaged.



Crime Trend

The direction or pattern that specific types or general crimes are broadly following

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Drugs Action Team



Delivery Plan:

A plan which sets out what a project or programme intends to achieve, when, where and at what cost.


Demographic/Social Trends Analysis in community safety

Centred on demographic changes and their impact on criminality, as well as on the deeper analysis of social factors, this technique considers the significance of population shifts, attitudes and activities.



The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) defines a disabled person as someone who has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities Link to full Definition.

DoH: DH: Department of Health

A department of state that has responsibility for health and social care policy, guidance and the delivery of services through the NHS, local authorities and other partners.


Domestic violence

Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between adults (aged 18 or over) who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender. This can be psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional abuse.


Drugs (Classes)

A drug is any substance that changes the way the mind and body works. This incorporates legal drugs, over-the-counter and prescription medicines, and solvents. The two main laws concerning the use and supply of drugs are The Medicines Act (1968) and the Misuse of Drugs Act (1971). The latter places drugs into three classes – A, B and C. Penalties for offences are dependent on the class of drug.

Class A drugs include cocaine, crack, heroin (diamorphine), LSD (acid), ecstasy, magic mushrooms prepared for use, and speed (amphetamines) if prepared for injection. The highest and maximum penalty for possession of Class A drugs is seven years imprisonment and/or a fine. For supplying these drugs, the maximum penalty is life imprisonment and/or a fine.

Class B drugs include cannabis and speed (amphetamines). The maximum penalty for possession of Class B drugs is five years imprisonment and/or a fine. For supplying these drugs, the maximum penalty is 14 years’ imprisonment and/or a fine.

Class C drugs include cannabis, anabolic steroids, tranquillisers, and possession of Temazepan.

The maximum penalty for possession of these is two years’ imprisonment and/or a fine. The maximum penalty for supplying is five years’ imprisonment and/or a fine.

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Eco Island: Sustainable Community Strategy:

The plans which local authorities are required to prepare for improving the economic, environmental and social well being of local areas and by which the councils through their Local Strategic Partnerships are expected to co-ordinate the actions of the public, private voluntary and community organisations that operate locally. The Island’s strategy is called Eco Island.



The way in which a health or social care worker encourages an individual to make decisions and take control of their own life. Empowerment is a process that builds a person’s self-esteem and confidence in their ability to make decisions.


ESF- European Social Fund:

Supports activities that develop employability and human resources in five key areas: active labour market policies; equal opportunities; improving training and education and promoting lifelong learning; adaptability and entrepreneurship; improving the participation of women in the labour market.




An assessment, after a project or programme has started, of the extent to which the objectives of a project or plan are being or have been achieved; how efficiently they have been achieved, and whether there are any lessons for the future.



The information on which judgements should be made. When providing evidence you should clearly differentiate between what is fact, what is opinion, what is based on research and knowledge based practice. y


Expert Patient Programme:

Self-management programme giving people the confidence, skills and knowledge to manage their condition/needs better and be more in control of their lives.

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‘Face the People’ sessions

The interaction between crime and disorder reduction partnerships and their communities is an important theme running through all the new statutory requirements and the Hallmarks of Effective Partnerships.


This is a significant change from the previous legislation, where partnerships were required only to consult their communities as part of their work to produce a strategy. Now, partnerships are required specifically to consult and seek the participation of their communities in their work. This matches the new role under the new Best Value duty to ‘consult and involve’, set out in the Local Government White Paper, ‘Strong and Prosperous Communities’.


Partnerships are now required to hold ‘Face the People’ sessions at least once a year. These meetings should be attended by individuals who hold a senior position within each responsible authority – member of the crime and disorder reduction partnership.


Full cost recovery:

Allowing service providers to include the relevant element of their overheads – including irrecoverable VAT costs – in their cost estimates for providing a given service under a service agreement or contract.

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GOSE: Government Offices for the South East:

There are nine Government Offices, each working with Regions: regional partners and local people to help deliver the governments key aims at regional level. GOSE is the Island’s regional office



Grant and Grant-in-Aid

A grant maker is not contracting for a service that forms part of its own business. It is offering financial support in an area of work designed by the third sector, which it wishes to sponsor. The work would add value to the funder's overall aims and objectives. The organisation retains considerable freedom in the way in which it carries out the work. Grant-in-aid is for funding work at greater arms length from the funder and has very light touch monitoring.

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Health Promotion:

The process of enabling individuals and commentates to increase control over the factors which influence their health, thereby improving their health.


Healthcare Commission. HCC:

The independent inspection agency for both the NHS and private and voluntary healthcare. They have a statutory duty to assess the performance of healthcare organisations, award annual performance ratings for the NHS and coordinate reviews of healthcare by others.


Health Protection Agency:

An independent body that helps protect the health and well-being of the population. The agency plays a critical role in protecting people from infectious diseases and in preventing harm when hazards involving chemicals, poisons or radiation occur. They also prepare for new and emerging threats, such as a bio-terrorist attack or virulent new strain of disease



Health and Wellbeing Board:

The Health and Wellbeing Board sets the overall strategic direction for Health and Well-Being based on the priorities set out in Eco Island and emerging national expectations. The Board brings together decision makers and key stakeholders who can help to address change that partners cannot achieve on their own. The Board will evaluate progress against Eco Island and other objectives and specify priorities for improvement; ensure that change is delivered and that partners collaborate with other ISP partnership Boards.


Hot Spots

Locations attracting concentrated police attention and displaying cause for concern.

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Indices of deprivation

Local area deprivation is measured the Indices of Deprivation 2004 and 2007. There are seven domains of deprivation: income; employment; health and disability; education, skills and training; barriers to housing and services; living environment; and crime. There are a number of indicators of deprivation in each of these domains, such as level of unemployment and incapacity benefit claimants, which are combined in to a single deprivation score for each local area on that domain.

The analysis in this report uses the employment deprivation indicator.

In order to examine how deprivation varies across the country the local areas are ranked according to their scores on a domain. The 20 per cent of areas with the highest deprivation scores are identified as the most deprived areas on the domain of interest and the 20 per cent of areas with the lowest deprivation scores are identified as the least deprived.

An Index of Multiple Deprivation is also available which combines all seven separate domains into one index. The Indices of Deprivation 2004 and 2007 are the responsibility of the Department for Communities and Local Government; further information is available at www.communities.gov.uk


Integrated Care Pathway (ICP):

A tool and a concept that embed guidelines, protocols and locally agreed, evidence-based, person centred, best practice, into everyday use for the individual.



Intelligence is defined as information that has been subject to a defined evaluation and risk assessment process in order to assist with police decision making.


Island Plan: The Local Development Framework.

The Island Plan is our Local Development Framework, which is a folder of local development documents that outlines how planning will be managed in our area.


The ISP Board:

The ISP Board is the main governing body of the ISP, providing strategic leadership and influence; it leads the family of partnerships set up to deliver Eco Island; members act as ambassadors for the Isle of Wight and Eco Island. The ISP Board owns the Eco Island strategy, shapes and leads the delivery of the Eco Island vision through Partnership Boards, which it holds to account. The Board agrees future strategic plans including the Local Area Agreement.


The ISP Executive:

The ISP executive provides senior management drive to Eco Island and is accountable to the ISP Board. It delivers and promotes Eco Island vision, advises the ISP on future plans and the Local Area Agreement, provides programme, performance and finance management and ensures effective links between the ISP Partnership Boards and all ISP bodies.


ISP: Island Strategic Partnership

The ISP is the Local Strategic Partnership for the Isle of Wight. It is a non-statutory, multi agency partnership bringing together locally the public, private, community, voluntary and faith sectors. The ISP allows them to support one another and to work together more effectively for the benefit of the Isle of Wight by improving the quality of life for Island residents and visitors. The ISP is governed by a Board and supported by an Executive Group and a number of Partnership Boards,


ISP Partnership Boards:

The ISP Partnership Boards bring together partners and organisations who will direct and deliver Eco Island objectives. The Boards are accountable to the ISP Board. Some Boards have statutory and regulatory functions as part of their terms of reference.

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Joint Commissioning:

Where the statutory agencies e.g. Health Authority and Community Services Directorate of the Isle of Wight Council work together and with other organisations to co-ordinate activities and resources in order to purchase or commission an effective and complementary range of services.



Web based system that allows police officers and the CPS to track repeat offenders’ progress through the criminal justice system.

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LSC: Learning and Skills Council:

The Government agency responsible for the planning, funding and quality assuring of all post 16 education and training up to degree level in England.



Lifelong Learning:

The continuous development of skills and knowledge to enhance quality of life and employment prospects. http://www.lifelonglearning.co.uk/


Local Agenda 21:

Strategies prepared by local authorities to promote sustainable development.


Local Delivery Plan (LDP):

A plan that every Primary Care Trust (PCT) prepares and agrees with its Strategic Health Authority (SHA) on how to invest its funds to meet its local and national targets, and improve services. It allows PCTs to plan and budget for delivery of services over a three-year period.


LAA: Local Area Agreements

LAAs set out the priorities for a local area agreed between central government and a local area (the local authority and Local Strategic Partnership) and other key partners at the local level. LAAs also simplify some central funding in order to give local partnerships choices in joining up local services more effectively and flexibly. LAAs are intended to devolve decision making away from a 'Whitehall knows best' philosophy. The Island’s LAA 2008 has 35 Performance indicators with stretching targets agreed with the government and a number of local indicators chosen by the Island Strategic Partnership.


Island Strategic Partnership:

An overarching partnerships of local stakeholders who will lead the delivery of the vision, values and objectives of Eco Island, the Island’s Sustainable Community Strategy. http://www.islandstrategicpartnership.co.uk/

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Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements



Key events with dates, marking stages in the progress of a project or programme.



Regular collection and analysis of information with a view to managing problems and issues arising during a project.



The number of cases of diseases reported in a population.


The number of deaths reported in a population.

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National Standards for Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs)

Also known as The Hallmarks of Effective Partnerships. Through a review of the partnership provisions in the Crime and Disorder Act and extensive stakeholder consultation, the Home Office has identified what works well and have developed the Hallmarks of Effective Partnerships.


The suggested improvements were reflected in the Police and Justice Act 2006 and in subsequent regulations, which came into force on 1 August 2007 in England and in November 2007 in Wales.

In changing the legislation to more closely reflect these Hallmarks, the Government aimed to consolidate effective practice and ensure that all partnerships deliver to a common standard.


The Hallmarks, published in the ‘Delivering Safer Communities: A Guide to Effective Partnership Working’ represent the key aspects of partnership working that underpin effective delivery through partnerships. Partnerships can use them to check their own effectiveness and to identify areas for improvement.


The six Hallmarks of Effective Partnerships are:

  • Empowered and Effective Leadership;
  • Visible and Constructive Accountability;
  • Intelligence-led Business Processes;
  • Effective and Responsive Delivery Structures;
  • Engaged Communities; and
  • Appropriate Skills and Knowledge.

The Government expects partnerships to follow the advice set out in the guidance. However, beyond these minimum statutory requirements, partnerships have the flexibility to deliver in their own way.


NCRS (National Crime Recording Standard)

This was instigated by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO), with Home Office support. It aims to promote greater consistency between police forces in the recording of crime, and to take a more victim-oriented approach to crime recording. It was officially introduced across England and Wales on 1 April 2002.

NHS – National Health Service

Comprehensive health system provided by the state and free at the point of delivery.


NHS Direct:

A 24-hour nurse-led telephone helpline contactable through a single national number: 0845 4647. It provides health information and advice to callers with the aim of helping them look after self manage at home or if they need further professional help, directing them to the right service at the right time.


NHS Trust:

Hospital or other organisation that operates as an independent commercial unit within the NHS.



National Intelligence Model. NIM is a business model for law enforcement. It became the policy of the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) in 2000 and many forces underwent major restructuring and were allocated new resources in order to implement it. NIM takes an intelligence-led approach to policing. The government acknowledged its benefits and all forces in England and Wales were required to implement NIM to national minimum standards from April 2004.



National Indicator Set – was developed as part of the Comprehensive Spending Review 2007 so that it reflects the government’s national priorities. Performance against each of the 198 indicators will be reported for every single tier and county council Local Strategic Partnership (LSP).

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In April 2006 Hampshire Constabulary implemented significant organisational changes across the Force area which resulted in the creation of a number of larger Operational Command Units (OCU) instead of smaller Basic Command Units (BCU). The Isle of Wight is covered by the Isle of Wight OCU.



Outputs and Outcomes:

Outputs measure what is literally provided by a project. Outcomes measure longer term changes created by a project

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PCT: Primary Care Trust:

Local NHS organisation responsible for the provision of primary care and community based health services (also secondary care) and the commissioning, administration and performance management of healthcare within a defined geographical area. PCT’s work closely with clinicians and practitioners and other organisations such as acute trusts and local authorities, particularly social services.


Palliative care:

Palliative care is the active total care of patients and their families by a multi-professional, multi-disciplinary team when a patient’s disease is no longer responsive to curative treatment. It provides physical, psychological, social and spiritual support, and will involve practitioners with a broad mix of skills, including medical and nursing care, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and related specialties.


Patient Advice and Liaison Service (PALS):

Service supporting patients, carers and relatives, representing their views and resolving local health difficulties speedily.



Police Community Support Officer


Performance Indicator:

A measure of performance used to judge how organizations are performing against targets .


Performance Management Framework:

A system for ensuring that those responsible for delivering actions and priorities are doing so, and for reporting progress.


POP – Problem Oriented Policing

Described by Herman Goldstein as a model for enabling understanding of the root causes of problems in society through analysis.


Primary Care:

Services which are provided in the following care settings:- individuals' own home, residential care homes, workplaces, local clinical premises (e.g. GP, dental surgeries, opticians, health centres and pharmacies). Primary care offers co-ordinated personal care and a link with more specialised services.


Problem Profiles

A problem profile is a detailed picture of an identified problem, established or emerging, in line with the control strategy priorities or high risk issues.



The acquisition of goods and services in line with the purchasing organisation’s local and statutory policy of value for money, normally achieved through competition.



PPOs stands for Prolific and Other Priority Offenders. At the end of 2004 the government introduced their Prolific and Other Priority Offender (PPO) Strategy designed to tackle that small group of offenders in each local area who, by their lifestyle and persistent offending behaviour, cause a disproportionate and harmful impact on the community.

The Strategy required all Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRP) to identify this group of PPOs in their own area, to target and engage directly each individual, to implement appropriate interventions within a multi-agency environment and to pool resources and expertise to deliver the underlying outcomes - a reduction in crime and disorder and a reduction in the rates of re-offending, together with long-term rehabilitation for those identified.

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Racially or religiously aggravated offences

Used in recorded crime, racially aggravated offences are legally defined under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (section 28). The Antiterrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 (section 39) added the religiously aggravated aspect. Racially or religiously aggravated offences cannot be separately identified in police recorded crime. BCS respondents are asked whether they thought the incident was racially motivated, and from 2005/06 whether they thought the incident was religiously motivated.


Recorded crime

These are crimes recorded by the police and notified to the Home Office.

Recorded crime BCS comparator

This is a total number of police recorded crimes based on the set of offences that form the comparable subset of crimes (i.e. which match offences recorded by the BCS). This total is not adjusted for offences against under-16s or commercial targets.


Repeat victimisation

The recurrence of the same crime against those who have already been victimised in the previous 12 months.



Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000


Risk Management:

When the holistic assessment is completed, the assessor and the individual should consider and evaluate conclusions on the risks and needs. This evaluation should take full account of the likely outcome if assistance were not to be provided.


Regional Development Agencies:

These are the nine Government agencies set up in 1999. To co-ordinate regional economic development and regeneration, enable the English regions to improve their relative competitiveness and reduce the imbalances that exists within and between regions. http://www.nwda.co.uk


Registered Social Landlords:

Landlords of social housing that are registered with the Housing Corporation. Most are housing associations but they also include trusts, co operatives and companies.


Research Governance:

Many aspects of social, health and economic research are governed by codes of practice that protect research participants and ensure quality research that is ethically sound. The Council and the PCT have research co-ordination and governance frameworks in place.



An incident or offence in which force or the threat of force is used either during or immediately prior to a theft or attempted theft.

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Sanctioned Detections

Recordable offences charged or taken into consideration and subsequently confirmed by court processes and official cautions for such offences.

Secondary care:

Services which are provided usually in an acute hospital setting on referral from a primary care practitioner or through accident and emergency admission.


Signal Crimes

Any criminal incident that causes change in the public’s behaviour and/or beliefs about their security.


SLA: Service level agreement:

A binding agreement with detailed specifications for the level of outcome and output performance between a commissioner and service deliverer or between partners.



Small and medium sized enterprises, i.e. companies employing less than 250 employees.


Social Exclusion:

What can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a combination of problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family breakdown. It can also have a wider meaning which encompasses the exclusion of people from the normal exchanges, practices and rights of society.



Social Inclusion:

Policies designed to promote equality of opportunity and minimise social exclusion. Social inclusion aims to tackle the problems as a whole rather than the individual elements.


Strategic Tasking and Co-ordination Group (Police)


Strategic Tasking and Co-ordination Meeting

The meeting where the STCG considers recommendations made in the strategic assessment in order to set a control strategy for the basic command unit or force. The STCG nominates owners for each strategy. Once the control strategy is agreed, the STCG sanctions the intelligence requirement and sets the prioritisation of resources. The control strategy will only ever be amended by the STCG; amendments to the intelligence requirement can be made at the TTCG. The STCG also sets the resource priorities for reactive and proactive capabilities, but not for tactical activity, which is determined at the TTCG meeting.


Strategic Assessment (Police)

The strategic assessment drives the business of the strategic tasking and co-ordination group (STCG) by providing it with an accurate overview of the current and long-term issues affecting the BCU, force or region.


Strategic Health Authority (SHA):

Statutory agency responsible for strategic planning and performance management of health services in their area. Strategic health authorities were formed in April 2002; there were 28 in England.
In July 2006 the Department of Health reduced this number to 10 to ensure the NHS is structurally able to deliver the next stage of health reforms.

Strategic Health Authorities are responsible for:

  • Developing plans for improving health services in their local area
  • Making sure local health services are of a high quality and are performing well
  • Increasing the capacity of local health services - so they can provide more services
  • Making sure national priorities - for example, programmes for improving cancer services - are integrated into local health service plans

Strategic Health Authorities manage the NHS locally and are a key link between the Department of Health and the NHS.


Super Output Areas (SOAs)

Super Output Areas (SOAs) are the default geography used by Neighbourhood Statistics that was designed for the collection and publication of small area

statistics. They are already used on the Neighbourhood Statistics website, and it is intended that they will eventually have wider application across National Statistics. To support a range of potential requirements there are three layers of SOA:

  • Lower Layer – Minimum population 1000; mean 1500. Built from groups of Output Areas (typically 4 to 6) and constrained by the boundaries of the Standard Table (ST) wards used for 2001 Census outputs.
  • Middle Layer – Minimum population 5000; mean 7200. Built from groups of Lower Layer SOAs and constrained by the 2003 local authority boundaries used for 2001 Census outputs.
  • Upper Layer – To be determined; minimum size c.25,000.



Sure Start:

A government scheme which aims to improve the health and well-being of families and children before and from birth, so children are ready to flourish when they go to school. Sure Start programmes are intended to improve services for families with children under four and spread good practice.



Sustainable Development:

Activity which achieves mutually reinforcing economic, social and environmental benefits without compromising the needs of future generations.

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Tactical Tasking and Co-ordination Group


Tactical Tasking and Co-ordination Meeting

The meeting where the TTCG make decisions in relation to crime and disorder problems that are identified in the tactical assessment. The TTCG should use the tactical assessment, along with the control strategy, to prioritise intervention activity. The group should also check that previously agreed plans and intervention work are still on course to meet objectives and ensure that the business plan focus is maintained. The TTCG should sanction the deployment of resources and avoid excessive responses to merely random events. They should also identify plan

and problem owners to take responsibility for the tactical resolution of issues raised in the tactical assessment. The TTCG should also review the published intelligence requirement, ensuring it remains applicable and making any necessary amendments.


Tactical Assessments

The tactical assessment drives the business of the tactical tasking and co-ordination group (TTCG), identifying and monitoring the progression of the shorter-term issues in a BCU, force or region, in accordance with the control strategy.


Third Sector:

Third sector organisations are driven by their values and principally reinvest any financial surpluses to further social, environmental or cultural objectives. It encompasses voluntary and community organisations, charities, social enterprises, cooperatives and mutuals both large and small.

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Value for money:

The optimum combination of whole-life cost and quality – or fitness for purpose – to meet the user's requirement. In other words, getting the best possible outcome from any given level of input. This does not mean 'cheapest'. (HM Treasury)


VCOs: Voluntary and Community Organisations

See Third Sector above.



This is malicious damage to household property, equating to the recorded crime category of criminal damage. Vandalism ranges from arson to graffiti. Cases of nuisance only (eg letting down car tyres) are excluded.

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The state of being healthy, happy and prospering. An individual’s health and well-being is affected by a number of different factors that contribute positively to health and well-being such as:

  • a balanced diet
  • regular exercise
  • supportive relationships
  • adequate financial resources
  • stimulating work, education and leisure activity
  • use of health monitoring and illness prevention services (such as screening and vaccination)
  • use of risk management to protect individuals and promote personal safety

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Last Updated: 24/08/2009 15:59:29
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"We want the Isle of Wight to become a world renowned Eco-Island, with a thriving economy, a real sense of pride and where residents and visitors enjoy healthy lives, feel safe and are treated with respect."
Eco Island Vision